Who are the Yezidi?
The Yezidis (Ezidi) name is derived from Khuday Ez Dam, meaning “ I was created by God.” Yezidi is one of the most ancient religions in the world, tracing back to 6765 years (in 2015) or 4750 BC;thus, Yezidi religion was thousands of years before Islam. The Yezidi are monotheists, believing in one God, who created the world and entrusted it into the care of a Heptad of seven Holy Angels. Preeminent and greatest among these is Tawûsê Melek, the Peacock Angel.
Yezidi people speak Kurmanji as their native language. They live primarily in Northern Iraq, particularly in Nineveh Province in Sinjar city around 600,000 individuals and in Duhok Province Kurdistan about 200,000 individuals.
In addition, there are small Yezidi Communities in Armenia, Georgia, Turkey, Syria, Canada, United States of America and most Europe countries, especially Germany because of mass immigration caused by the lack of religious tolerance, discrimination, oppression and consecutive genocides against this peaceful minority.
Sadly, the Yezidi people have experienced 74 genocides in their lives that came from Islamic extremists groups with the most recent one that took place in Sinjar ( Shengal) town in northern Iraq on August 3rd, 2014 by ISIS ( so called Islamic State of Iraq and Sham). They face grave violence and targeted persecution that threatens their continued existence on the territory they have inhabited for millennia.
During Saddam’s regime, Yezidis suffered from discrimination policies, because they are non-Muslims believers. From 1975 to 1988 more than 158 Yazidi Villages were destroyed in Shiekhan, Sinjar and Zaxo. Yezidi were officially forced into Arab ethnicity in the October 1977 census, and the regime changed hereby the demography of Yezidi areas. Also, the Leadership of the Iraqi Revolutionary council issued the Arrangement No. 358 on March 16, 1978. According to that, most of the of Yezidis lands and farms should be seized and given to resettled Arab tribes. All of that land, until today not given back to their owners
The Islamic State’s (ISIS) brutal attacks in Sinjar led to the displacement of the whole community and killing and slaughtering of thousands of people, especially men who refused to convert to Islam. What’s more, they have committed crime of rape and sexual violence against women and brain washed children to be future terrorists. This may explain why the Yezidi population hundreds years ago was as 10 times much as current population.
Yezidi whereabouts around the world
The Yezidi community, historically, primarily lives in northern of Iraq, in Nineveh province and they are located in two parts, Shikhan, 50 kilometers north of Mosul and Sinjar at the Syrian border 75 kilometers, northeast of Mosul. Addition yezidi communities live in Syria and primarily in two communities, one in Al jazira and the other in Kurd-dagh, in Europe, especially Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, France, Armenia in Aragats city, Georgia in Tbilisi and Telavi city. They also live in Turkey, India, Australia, Canada and the United states.
According to the sources, and yezidi religious scholars, Yezidi population in Iraq is between 600,000 to 700,000 and it is the biggest population of Yezidi. The population of the Yezidi in Syria is between 13,000 to 15,000, in Germany 60,000, in Rusia 40500, in Armenia 35200, Georgia 21000, in Netherland , in Sweden, in Frence, in the United States 1450, in Canada 250, in United Kingdom and Australia they have the total population around 4,000. Recently, the population of Yezidian people in Iraq and Syria have changed and the number is unclear, the security situation has changed and ISIS occupied most the Yezidi villages especially in the Sinjar area, and this is the main reason to let the Yezidi people immigrate to Europe.